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Referencing - BU Harvard 22-23 Full Guide: Journal Article

Referencing Journal Articles

Referencing a print or e-journal article: details, order and format

Instructions how to reference a journal article

Click on the headings below for instructions

Example journal

Citing in the main text of your work

  • e.g. Kavaratzis and Hatch (2013) consider place brands...
  • e.g. "Elements and processes that form the brand in reality have little to do with the visual strategies that currently absorb the largest part of place branding investment" (Kavaratzis and Hatch 2013, p.83).


Referencing in list at the end of your work

Surname/Family Name, INITIALS., Year. Title of journal article. Title of Academic Journal Publication [online] (if applicable), Volume number and (part number or issue number or date), Page numbers or e-number of article (if available).


What are the 'Title of journal article' and 'Title of Academic Journal Publication' details? 

This extra bit of advice added to this online guide in November 2020 (will be added to the 20/21 PDF guide version in September 2021):

  • For the example journal article shown in the image above, the title of journal article is 'The dynamics of place brands: an identify-based approach to place branding theory. The Title of academic journal publication is Marketing Theory.


Print article example with volume number and issue number:

  • e.g. Kavaratzis, M. and Hatch, M. J., 2013. The dynamics of place brands: an identity-based approach to place branding theory. Marketing Theory, 13 (1), 69-86.

Or, if that same article has been access online, the reference would be presented like this:

  • e.g. Kavaratzis, M. and Hatch, M. J., 2013. The dynamics of place brands: an identity-based approach to place branding theory. Marketing Theory [online], 13 (1), 69-86.


Online journal article example with an issue number, but no volume number:

  • e.g. Le Page, M., 2017. DNA variants hint at how we pass on intelligence. New Scientist [online], (Issue 3131), 9.


Online journal article example with an e-number:

  • e.g. Caldara, R., Zhou, X. and Miellet, S., 2010. Putting culture under the spotlight reveals universal information use for face recognition. PLOS One [online], 5 (3), e9708.

If there are multiple authors, you must list all in the reference list at the end of your work.

For articles that are described as ‘In Press’ you must include the full URL as the article has not been assigned a precise volume, issue or part number:

  • e.g. Pisanua, B., Chapuisa, J., Dozièresa, A., Basset, F., Poux, V. and Vourc, G., 2013. High prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in the European red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris in France. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases [online], In Press. Available from: pii/S1877959X13000800 [Accessed 11 August 2021].

An article in a repository is usually the accepted peer-reviewed version, but may look different to the equivalent, final publisher-branded PDF found via library databases or journal publisher websites, so URL and access date need to be included.  A repository contains open access works for a specific subject or institution (e.g. BU’s research repository is BURO).

Surname/Family Name, INITIALS., Year. Title. Journal Title [online], volume (issue), page numbers (if available).  Available from: URL [Accessed Date].

  • e.g. Koutra, C. and Karyopouli, S., 2013. Cyprus’ image - a sun and sea destination - as a detrimental factor to seasonal fluctuation - exploration into motivational factors for holidaying in Cyprus. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing [online]. Available from: [Accessed 28 August 2020].