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Referencing - BU Harvard: Social Media (e.g. Twitter, Facebook, blogs, apps)

social media image

Instructions how to reference social media

Click on the headings below for instructions

Referencing social media: details, order and format

Referencing social media

Instructions for referencing social media

Twitter post (tweet) example:

social media

Facebook page example:

Citing in the main text of your work

When citing a webpage, do not insert the URL (web address) in the body of your text. Use the organisation or company as the author. Webpages often do not include page numbers, so are not present when quoting.

  • e.g. Bournemouth University (2012) suggest “A quotation would be inserted here”.
  • e.g. BU provides a Study Skills page on Facebook (2016)...

Referencing in list at the end of your work

Social media entries may only be kept on servers for a short time and may not be recoverable. You should retain a copy and consider including it in an appendix.

Organisation/Surname/Family Name, INITIALS., Year. Title of page/entry/post (if applicable). Title of website [online]. Day Month Year (if applicable). Available from: URL [Accessed Date].

  • e.g. Bournemouth Uni, 2012. Good luck to all those students getting their A level results tomorrow. See our website for our course in Clearing Twitter bournemouthuni [online]. 15 August 2012. Available from: [Accessed 1 July 2015].

  • e.g. Bournemouth University, 2016. Bournemouth University study skills. Facebook [online]. Available from: [Accessed 26 May 2016].

Referencing iTunes or other downloads: details, order and format

Referencing itunes
Instructions for referencing iTunes or other downloads

Citing in the main text of your work

  • e.g. As highlighted by a speaker at Duke University, in their business marketing lecture (Morgan 2012)...

Referencing at the end of your work

Use originator/author if ascertainable, otherwise use the title.

Surname/Family Name, INITIALS., Year. Title [download]. Edition (if not the first). Place of publication: Publisher (if available). Available from: Source of download [Accessed date].

  • e.g. Morgan, J., 2012. Business Marketing Lecture [download]. Durham, NC: Duke University. Available from: iTunes U [Accessed 25 January 2012].

Referencing a mobile app: details, order and format

Referencing mobile app

Instructions for referencing a mobile app

Citing in the main text of your work

  • e.g. Having downloaded the Skyscape medical resources mobile app (2013)...

Referencing at the end of your work

Use originator/author if ascertainable otherwise use the title.

Originator,/Surname/Family Name, INITIALS., Year (If release date is not available, put the year you are accessing it). Title of App [mobile app]. Version number. Available from: app store name [Accessed Date].

  • e.g. Skyscape, 2013. Skyscape Medical Resources [mobile app]. Version 1.8.33. Available from: Google Play [Accessed 1 July 2015].