Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Referencing - BU Harvard 22-23 Full Guide: Standards and Patents

Referencing Standards and Patents

Instructions how to reference standards and patents

Click on the headings below for instructions

Referencing standards: details, order and format

Referencing standards

Instructions for referencing a standard

Example standard

Citing in the main text of your work

  • e.g. According to official guidelines on bibliographic references and citations (British Standards Institution 2010)...

Referencing in list at the end of your work

Organisation, Year. Standard number and title [online] (if applicable). Place of publication: Publisher.

  • e.g. British Standards Institution, 2010. BS ISO 690:2010 Information and documentation – Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources [online]. London: British Standards Institution Group.

Referencing a patent: details, order and format

Referencing a patent
Instructions for referencing a patent


print patent

Citing in the main text of your work

  • e.g. New research on ring pulls (Mavin and Stevenson 2007) indicates...

Referencing in list at the end of your work

Originator/s (name of applicant/s)., Year. Title of patent [online] (if applicable). Series number and designation which may include full date.

  • e.g. Mavin, G. and Stevenson, T., (Portola Packaging Limited), 2007. Container closure in combination with a ring pull insert . UK patent application 2428669 A. 7 February 2007.