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Finding Information: Evaluating Information

Skills for study

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Based on the work of expert Stella Cottrell, international bestselling author of The Study Skills Handbook, this interactive resource will help you hone and develop your study skills at your own pace. Each module has been carefully designed so you can assess your current proficiency, track your progress, become more confident and get the most out of your course.

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Research ethics for undergraduate and taught postgraduate students


Research ethics applications for undergraduate and taught postgraduates are initially reviewed and approved by named supervisors within Faculties or approved by Faculty Ethics Programme Teams. Guidance for undergraduate and taught postgraduate students on how to complete and submit a Research Ethics Checklist can be found here.

Post Graduate Researchers (PhD, MPhil and MRes) and members of BU Staff should consult the Research Ethics tab in the Postgraduate Researchers' guide.

Critical Evaluation of Information Sources

A checklist from the University of Oregon to help you determine the authority, objectivity, quality, currency and relevance of an information source.

Using Wikipedia

A video from North Carolina State University outlining the pros and cons of using Wikipedia for your research...

How to spot fake news

Evaluating sources - the CRAAP test

Evaluating Information

A really useful guide from UCL on how to evaluate sources.

The CRAAP test was developed by Meriam Library at California State University:

  • Currency - The timeliness of the information.
  • Relevance - The importance of the information for your needs.
  • Authority - The source of the information.
  • Accuracy - The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
  • Purpose - The reason the information exists.

Evaluating Web Pages

A guide from UC Berkeley Library on how to evaluate web pages.

Evaluating Information

A checklist from Leeds University to help you evaluate information sources.