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Referencing - UK & EU Law: ECHR unreported case

How do I reference an unreported judgment of the European Court of Human Rights

If a judgment of the European Court of Human Rights has neither a citation for the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR) nor Reports of Judgments and Decisions, then reference it as an unreported case.

This guidance applies whether you found the judgment in print or online.

case name | App no | application number | (court, | date)

Footnote (if you HAVE given the case name in the text of your work):
e.g. App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004)

Footnote (if the HAVE NOT given the case name in the text of your work):
e.g. Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004)

Bibliography:
e.g. Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004)

To pinpoint a paragraph, follow the citation with a comma then ‘para’ and the paragraph number. To pinpoint several paragraphs, follow the citation with a comma then ‘paras’ and insert a dash between the paragraph numbers:
e.g. Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004), para 28

Case name

  • Always give party names in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • Don't include and another
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials
  • Use Re, not In re or In the matter of
  • Use Ex p, not Ex parte
  • Include terms indicating corporate status (Ltd, plc)
  • Abbreviate common words and phrases (see Oscola appendix 4.2.4).

Application number

Each case submitted to the European Court of Human Rights is given an application number, to indicate that it has been registered.

Court

Use the abbreviation 'ECtHR' to refer to the European Court of Human Rights in the citation.