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Referencing - UK & EU Law: Hansard (Parliamentary debates)

How do I reference Hansard?

This guidance applies whether you found the document in print or online.

HL Deb OR HC Deb | date, | vol | volume number, | col(s) | column number(s)

Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. HC Deb 6 September 2011, vol 352, col 151

In the House of Commons, written answers are indicated by 'W' after the column number:
e.g. HC Deb 4 July 1996, vol 280, col 505W

In the House of Lords, written answers are indicated by 'WA' before the column number:
e.g. HL Deb 21 July 2005, vol 673, col WA261

Location of debate

There are three series of Hansard as follows:

  1. series reporting House of Lords debates = HL Deb
  2. series reporting House of Commons debates = HC Deb
  3. series reporting debates in the Public Bill committees of the House of Commons (formerly Standing Committees), see below.

Cite debates in the Public Bill committees with the title of the Bill, followed by ‘Deb’, followed by the date and the column number(s). If the Bill title is very long, begin the citation with ‘PBC Deb’, followed by the Bill number in brackets, e.g. PBC Deb (Bill 99) 30 January 2007, cols 12–15.

Volume number

You will have to look at other pages on the Hansard website to locate the volume number.