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Referencing - UK & EU Law: Opinion of Advocate General

How do I reference the Opinion of an Advocate General?

This guidance applies whether you found the document in print or online.

case number | case name | [year] | report abbreviation | first page, | Opinion of AG | name

Footnote (if you HAVE given the case number and name in the text of your work):
e.g. [2007] ECR I–8531, Opinion of AG Mazák

Footnote (if you HAVE NOT given the case number and name in the text of your work):
e.g. Case C–411/05 Palacios de la Villa v Cortefiel Servicios SA [2007] ECR I–8531, Opinion of AG Mazák

Bibliography:
e.g. Palacios de la Villa v Cortefiel Servicios SA (C-411/05) [2007] ECR I–8531, Opinion of AG Mazák

To pinpoint a paragraph, follow the citation with a comma then ‘para’ and the paragraph number. To pinpoint several paragraphs, follow the citation with a comma then ‘paras’ and insert a dash between the paragraph numbers:
e.g. Case C–411/05 Palacios de la Villa v Cortefiel Servicios SA [2007] ECR I–8531, Opinion of AG Mazák, paras 79-100

Case number

The case number includes a prefix, which indicates the court:

  • C = Court of Justice (not needed for pre-1989 cases)

Follow the prefix with a dash - and the case number.

Case name

  • Always give party names in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • Don't include and another
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials
  • Use Re, not In re or In the matter of
  • Use Ex p, not Ex parte
  • Include terms indicating corporate status (Ltd, plc)
  • Abbreviate common words and phrases (see Oscola appendix 4.2.4).

Year

The year is always given in [square brackets].

Law report abbreviation

If possible, use the official European Court Reports (ECR):

  • Court of Justice cases = volume one (ECR I-)

The volume number is given in roman numerals and is connected to the page number with a dash -.