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Referencing - UK & EU Law: ECHR case

How do I reference a judgment of the European Court of Human Rights?

If possible, use a report of the case from the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR).

This guidance applies whether you found the judgment in print or online.

case name | (year) | volume | report abbreviation | case number

Footnote (if you HAVE given the case name in the text of your work):
e.g. (2010) 51 EHRR 10

Footnote (if you HAVE NOT given the case name in the text of your work):
e.g. Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10

Bibliography:
e.g. Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10

To pinpoint, follow the citation with a comma and the page number. To pinpoint several pages, insert a dash between the page numbers:
e.g. Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10, 29

If the judgment was not reported in EHRR, use Reports of Judgments and Decisions, e.g. Osman v UK ECHR 1998–VIII 3124.

Case name

  • Always give party names in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • Don't include and another
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials
  • Use Re, not In re or In the matter of
  • Use Ex p, not Ex parte
  • Include terms indicating corporate status (Ltd, plc)
  • Abbreviate common words and phrases (see Oscola appendix 4.2.4).

Year

The year is always given in (round brackets).

Law report abbreviation

  • Use the standard abbreviation for the European Human Rights Reports - EHRR
  • No punctuation is needed - use EHRR, not E.H.R.R.

Case number

From 2001, judgments in the European Human Rights Reports have been numbered consecutively using case numbers, e.g. Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10 is the 10th case published in volume 51, 2010.