Skip to main content

Referencing - International Law: League of Nations Treaty Series

How do I reference a League of Nations treaty?

This guidance applies whether you found the treaty in print or online.

title | (opened for signature date OR signed/adopted date, entered into force date) | volume | treaty series | page

Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. Slavery Convention (signed 25 September 1926, entered into force 9 March 1927) 60 LNTS 254

To pinpoint, follow the citation with the relevant term or abbreviation and a number. To pinpoint several articles or paragraphs, insert a dash between the numbers:
e.g. Slavery Convention (signed 25 September 1926, entered into force 9 March 1927) 60 LNTS 254 art 3

Term Abbreviation
article/articles art/arts
paragraph/paragraphs para/paras

Title

  • Do not include 'The' at the beginning of the title
  • Use capitals for the major words
  • Include details of amendments in the title, if necessary.

Date

  • If parties can accede to the treaty, cite the full date that the treaty was opened for signature
  • Otherwise, cite the date that it was signed or adopted
  • If available, then give the date that it entered into force.

LNTS citation

The preferred source for League of Nations treaties is the United Nations LNTS database.

You may need to look at another page in the document to find the volume number.

Parts of a treaty

Treaties are divided into articles and paragraphs.

These divisions are referenced using either a term (e.g. article 4) or an abbreviation (e.g. art 4) as follows:

  • In a footnote, use the abbreviation
  • In the text of your work, use either the term or the abbreviation but...
  • Use the term at the beginning of a sentence
  • When referring to paragraphs, always use the abbreviation.

If citing a paragraph as part of an article, use only the abbreviation for the article. For example, paragraph 1 of article 1 of the Slavery Convention is referenced as follows: Slavery Convention (signed 25 September 1926, entered into force 9 March 1927) 60 LNTS 254 art 1(1).