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Referencing - International Law: International Court of Justice

How do I reference a document from the International Court of Justice (ICJ)?

This guidance applies whether you found the document in print or online.

case name | (type of document) | [year] | report series | first page

Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Advisory Opinion) [2004] ICJ Rep 136

To pinpoint, follow the citation with a comma and the page number. To pinpoint several pages, insert a dash between the page numbers:
e.g. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Advisory Opinion) [2004] ICJ Rep 136, 141-142

Case name

  • Always give a case name in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials.

Type of document

After the case name, give the document type in (round brackets), e.g. (Advisory Opinion).

Year

The year is always given in [square brackets].

Law report series

International Court of Justice (ICJ) decisions are compiled in the series Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders available from the ICJ website.

Law report abbreviation

  • Use the standard abbreviation for the Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders - ICJ Rep
  • No punctuation is needed - use ICJ Rep, not I.C.J. Rep.