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How do I reference a document from the International Court of Justice (ICJ)?
This guidance applies whether you found the document in print or online.
case name | (type of document) | [year] | report series | first page
Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Advisory Opinion)  ICJ Rep 136
To pinpoint, follow the citation with a comma and the page number. To pinpoint several pages, insert a dash between the page numbers:
e.g. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Advisory Opinion)  ICJ Rep 136, 141-142
- Always give a case name in italics
- Separate adverse parties with an italic v
- If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
- If an individual, don't include forenames or initials.
Type of document
After the case name, give the document type in (round brackets), e.g. (Advisory Opinion).
The year is always given in [square brackets].
Law report series
International Court of Justice (ICJ) decisions are compiled in the series Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders available from the ICJ website.
Law report abbreviation
- Use the standard abbreviation for the Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders - ICJ Rep
- No punctuation is needed - use ICJ Rep, not I.C.J. Rep.