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Referencing - International Law: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

How do I reference a case from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)?

This guidance applies whether you found the judgment in print or online.

case name | (type of document) | case reference | (date)

Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. Prosecutor v Akayesu (Judgment) ICTR-96-4-T (2 September 1998)

To pinpoint, follow the citation with the paragraph number in square brackets. To pinpoint several paragraphs, insert a dash between the paragraph numbers:
e.g. Prosecutor v Akayesu (Judgment) ICTR-96-4-T (2 September 1998) [359]-[362]

Case name

  • Always give a case name in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials.

Type of document

After the case name, give the document type in (round brackets), e.g. (Judgement).

Case reference

ICTR cases are available from the ICTR website.


The date is always given in (round brackets).