This guidance applies to print journals and most online journals (see 'Online journals', below).
author, | 'title' | (year) | volume | journal abbreviation or name if no abbreviation is available | first page of article
e.g. Alison L Young, 'In Defence of Due Deference' (2009) 72 MLR 554
e.g. Young A L, 'In Defence of Due Deference' (2009) 72 MLR 554
To pinpoint, follow the citation with a comma and the page number. To pinpoint several pages, insert a dash between the page numbers:
e.g. Alison L Young, 'In Defence of Due Deference' (2009) 72 MLR 554, 556
If a journal is available in print (the journals on Lexis Library, HeinOnline and Westlaw generally are), follow the guidelines above. If a journal is only published online, reference it as follows:
author, | ‘title’ | (year) | volume/issue | journal abbreviation or name if no abbreviation is available | <web address> | date accessed
e.g. Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT <http://ejlt.org/article/view/17> accessed 28 May 2015
e.g. Greenleaf G, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT <http://ejlt.org/article/view/17> accessed 28 May 2015
A pinpoint goes before the web address. However, some online journals may not have page numbers.
In a footnote, cite an author's name as: first name(s) or initial(s) | surname.
In a bibliography, cite an author's name as: surname | initial(s).
Do not include postnominals, such as QC.
If no individual author is identified, but an organisation (e.g. BBC) claims responsibility for the work, then cite it as the author.
If no person or organisation claims responsibility for the work, begin the citation with the title.
Enclose the title in 'single quotation marks'.
Give the first letter of all major words a capital letter. Minor words (e.g. 'for', 'and', 'or', 'the') should not be capitalized, unless they begin a title or a subtitle.
If a journal article has a title and a subtitle that are not separated by punctuation, insert a colon : between them.
The year is given in (round brackets).
Include the volume number (if one is given). Do not include the issue number, e.g. 72(4), unless the page numbers begin again for each issue within a volume, or you are referencing an online only journal (see 'Online journals' box).
Give the title of a journal in abbreviated form with no full stops.
For guidance on journal abbreviations see OSCOLA appendix 4.2.1 or check the Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations. If no abbreviation is available, give the journal title in full.