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Referencing - International Law: International Criminal Court

How do I reference a case from the International Criminal Court (ICC)?

This guidance applies whether you found the judgment in print or online.

case name | (type of document) | case reference | (date)

Footnote and bibliography:
e.g. Prosecutor v Lubanga Dyilo (Judgment) ICC-01/04-01/06 (14 March 2012)

To pinpoint, follow the citation with the paragraph number in square brackets. To pinpoint several paragraphs, insert a dash between the paragraph numbers:
e.g. Prosecutor v Lubanga Dyilo (Judgment) ICC-01/04-01/06 (14 March 2012) [81]-[83]

Case name

  • Always give a case name in italics
  • Separate adverse parties with an italic v
  • If multiple parties, name only the first claimant and the first defendant
  • If an individual, don't include forenames or initials.

Type of document

After the case name, give the document type in (round brackets), e.g. (Judgment).

Case reference

ICC cases are available from the ICC website.


The date is always given in (round brackets).